National Interest

Bloody Turn In The Assam – Mizoram Dispute?


The ongoing border dispute between Assam and Mizoram is once again turning violent. Authorities have said that there is now peace after the clashes over the weekend on the border of Kolasib in Mizoram and Cachar district of Assam.
Several shops were burnt and at least four people injured in the violence and arson in the border areas late Saturday. Both the states complained to the Union Home Ministry about this. The Center intervened in this matter and held a meeting with the Chief Secretary of both the states on Monday through video conferencing. It was chaired by Union Home Secretary Ajay Kumar Bhalla. Negotiations will continue on this issue even further. The border dispute between the two states has been going on for a long time. This month there have been two violent clashes on the issue of border dispute. Mizoram has a 164.6 km long border with Assam.

Current event

At least four people were injured and several shops were burnt in fresh violence in the border area adjoining Cachar district. On Saturday evening, some people in Assam, armed with sticks and sticks, allegedly stoned a group near an auto rickshaw stand on the outskirts of the border village of Cachar district. After that, the people of Vairangte village bordering Kolasib district of Mizoram also reached the spot in large numbers and started a counter-attack. Many people, including four people of Mizoram, were injured in this violent clash that lasted for hours. One seriously injured person has been admitted to Kolasib District Hospital, both the states have deployed a large number of security personnel in the violence affected areas. Section 144 is already in force in view of the tension in the area for a few days.

H Lalthangliana, Deputy Commissioner of Police in Kolasib district in Mizoram, says, “Despite the prohibitory orders applied in the area, angry mob from Vairangte village set fire to about 20 makeshift huts and shops along the National Highway. It belonged to the people of Lailapur village in Assam . ”

Chief Ministers talks

After this incident, Assam Chief Minister Sonowal talked to the Chief Minister of Mizoram over phone and stressed on the peaceful resolution of the dispute. Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga has also given assurance to Sonowal to restore peace. Zoramthanga called a cabinet meeting and discussed the situation arising out of the violence. On the other hand, Sonowal also informed the Prime Minister’s Office and the Union Home Ministry about the incident.

The Assam government has said that the situation is under control at present and a large number of policemen have been deployed along with senior officials to restore peace in the area. Assam forest minister and local MLA Parimal Shuklabedya says, “Such incidents happen almost every year in the area because people on both sides cut trees illegally.” On the instruction of Chief Minister Sonowal, Parimal visited Lailapur on Sunday and interacted with the people. The statement issued by the Assam government said that the incident was the act of miscreants to create unrest in the communities.

Vairangte village in Kolasib district of Mizoram is in the north of the state. The National Highway-306 passing through here connects Mizoram with the Cachar region of Assam. Bhanwar Lal Meena, Superintendent of Police of Cachar, says, “After receiving the news of violence, the police reached the spot and controlled the situation. All possible steps are being taken to prevent recurrence of such incidents in future.” On the other hand, Mizoram Home Minister Lalchmaliana says, “There are a large number of Bangladeshi infiltrators on the border.” Their number is continuously increasing. These people often incite violence. ”

Old boundary dispute

The border dispute between the two states is very old. The Government of Mizoram has raised the demand for rescheduling of the border with Assam. It argues that the boundary should be re-determined on the basis of the Inner Line of Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation (BIFR), 1873 and 1993 Lusai Hills Notification. Under the BEFR, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland have the right to refuse outsiders to go and live there without an Inner Line Permit. Mizoram was known as the Lusai Hills district of Assam before it was conferred Union Territory in 1972 and full statehood in 1987.

Mizoram Home Minister Lalchmaliana says, “We sent a letter to the Union Home Secretary on December 15 last year to reassess the border with Assam. Hopefully, the Center will take quick steps to address this problem.” Mizoram has a total border of 164.6 km with Assam. Of this, 123 km is in southern Assam. Mizoram claims that Assam has occupied its 509 sqm area. The issue has witnessed violent clashes several times before. Dozens of people were injured in the violence at Jofai in March 2018. After that, violence took place on the border of Karimganj in Assam and Mamit district of Mizoram on the 9th of this month.

The mutual border dispute between the northeastern states is not new. Actually, the whole area was in Assam at the time of independence. Thereafter, from time to time for administrative convenience, many parts The status of the state was continued. But no state is willing to accept the border setting. This is the reason that apart from Mizoram, Assam’s border dispute with Meghalaya and Nagaland has often taken violent forms.

Political observers say that to resolve this decades-old dispute, the Center should initiate dialogue with all the parties to find a permanent solution. Says Litton Das, an observer, “Frequent violence along the border in the states of the region is becoming the biggest obstacle to the development of the northeastern region, already notorious for extremism and backwardness. To restore peace in the area, this problem An early settlement of this is necessary. “

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