The Chemistry Nobels!

Nobel for the discovery of genetic scissors

In 2020 Rasayan’s Nobel Prize will be awarded to Emanuele Sharpentier and Jennifer A. Dudna for developing genome editing scissors.

Nobel for lithium ion battery

This year the Nobel Prize for Chemistry was awarded to John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingam and Akira Yoshino. He has been selected for the award for the discovery of lithium ion batteries.

 

Nobel on the development of proteins

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be shared by two Americans Francis H. Arnold and George Smith and one British scientist Gregory P. Winter. He was given this award for developing a particular protein.

2017 cryo electron microscopy

The 2017 Nobel Prize for Chemistry has been given jointly to Jacques Dubose, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson. All three have been given this award for the development of cryo-elktron microscopy.

2016: Molecular Machine Design

In 2016, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded to Jean-Pierre Suavage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard AL Ferringa. He was given this award for designing the molecular machine.

2015: DNA Repair

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been shared jointly by Sweden’s Thomas Lindal, America’s Paul Modrich and American Ottoman scientist Aziz Sankar. All three made important discoveries about DNA repair of cells. With the help of his discoveries, cancer and some diseases of old age can be cured.

 

2014

This year’s Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Schtefan Hale of Germany and Eric Betzig of America and William Moerner for super-resolved fluorescence microscopy.

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1902: Sweet Chemicals

Germany’s Hermann Emil Fischer received the sweet congratulations of the Nobel Prize. He was given this award for his work on sugar. He developed the method of making a three-dimensional picture of a sugar molecule on paper.

 

1904: Helium Balloons

Sir William Ramsay of Scotland discovered inert gases. These gases are present in the air but do not react to anyone. These include helium blowing balloons and neon too.

 

1907: For Beer

Eduard Buchner of Germany found that living cells are not needed for fermentation. In fermentation, yeast cells convert sugar into alcohol. Bukhaner told that it is also possible from dead and broken cells of yeast.

 

1911: two awards

Marie Curie won two Nobel Prizes. In 1903 for physics and eight years later for chemistry. They discovered radium and polonium. They are very unstable and leave a glow when they break. Poisonous polonium is found in the minerals of uranium.

1915: Colorful Plants

German chemist Rishard Wilschter was awarded the Nobel for research on colors in tree plants. He discovered that chlorophyll not only gives green color to trees, but also through this they make glucose from sunlight, water and carbon dioxide.

1918: Manure for the world

Fritz Haber of Germany discovered how ammonia can be made from water and nitrogen. This is why it is possible to make manure. And to produce more food for the world’s growing population. However, the manufacture of explosives started with ammonia.

1927: Natural Digestive

Heinrich Otto Weiland of Germany was awarded the Nobel Prize as he discovered the compound of bile acids. The acid found in gall bladder is made in liver. Due to these, body fat is digested.

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1939: Why woman, man different

Germany’s Adolf Bootenant was awarded the Nobel Prize for research on sexual hormones. But Hitler stopped him from taking the prize. For the first time, Butenant separated the hormones which are responsible for femininity and masculinity.

1944: nuclear disintegration

Otto Han succeeded in performing nuclear fusion. In this process a lot of energy came out and also neutrons. Due to this a chain reaction also started. Han built nuclear power plants in this way and also created the possibility of making nuclear bombs.

1958: For Diabetic Patients

Frederick Sanger of Britain described the composition of insulin. Insulin patients have little or no insulin in their body, so they need to be injected or pill daily. Meanwhile, insulin is easily available in the market due to gene technology.

1963: Plastic bags

Karl Waldemar Siegler of Germany was given the Nobel Prize in 1963 along with Guilio Nata of Italy. Both of them discovered the process of making polyethylene. Plastic bags are made from them only.

 

Ozone Hole : How does ozone hole

The team of Paul Krutzen, Mario Molina and Frank Roland researched the Earth’s atmosphere. The formation and breakdown of ozone was special in this. He explained how sensitive

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