Bihar was called Magadha in ancient times and its capital Patna was named Pataliputra. It is believed that the word Bihar originated from the word Vihara of Buddhist Viharas, which later became Bihar. In modern times, March 22 is celebrated as Bihar Day.
Center of education
In ancient times, Bihar was a center of learning for learners from all over the world. Pataliputra was the stronghold of Indian civilization and Nalanda University was the oldest university in the world. Nalanda Library used to attract readers from Iran, Korea, Japan, China, Persia to Greece. Bakhtiar Khilji’s army set fire to it, which took three months to extinguish.
Hundreds of years old Mithila painting is famous in the country and abroad. Bihar is also its birthplace. The national emblem of India, the Ashoka Chakra with the head of four lions, was once taken from the Ashoka Pillar in Bihar.
Birthplace of religions
Buddhism and Jainism emerged in Bihar, the principle of non-violence spread by Gautama Buddha and Mahavira is also considered to have started here. Apart from this, the roots of Sikhism are also associated with Bihar. The tenth Sikh Guru Govind Singh was born in Patna.
History of Raj
Dynasties like the Mauryas, Guptas and Mughal rulers ruled in Bihar. Bihar came into existence at the time of the partition of Bengal in 1912. Then Orissa in 1935 and Jharkhand separated from Bihar in 2000 to become an independent state. Vaishali is considered to be the world’s first republic in Bihar. The four greatest emperors of India, Samudragupta, Ashoka, Vikramaditya and Chandragupta Maurya, were born in Bihar.
Languages and dialects
Most people understand speaking Hindi. Apart from this, Bhojpuri, Magahi and Maithili dialects are also very popular. English is also spoken in offices, banks, educational institutions and many private companies. There are good literature works in Maithili. Vidyapati, known as Maithil Kavi Kokil, was a poet of Maithili and a great scholar of Sanskrit.